Respirators protect you from inhaling dangerous vapors, gases, fumes, dusts, and particulates. They are used by the military, private industries, and public service industries in jobs involving atmospheric hazards. There are a number of different types of respirators, and the type you use is determined by the contaminant and environment from which you need to be protected.
Air-purifying respirators (APRs) are used in areas where there is sufficient oxygen and low-level contamination. There are four classes of APRs: Dust masks, or disposable respirators, provide the least protection due to their poor sealing abilities. They can be used for low concentrations of pollens, nuisance dusts, animal dusts, and coal dusts. Quarter mask respirators fit from the top of the nose to the top of the chin. Half mask respirators fit from the top of the nose to under the chin. These use replaceable cartridges to filter the air. Depending on the cartridges used, these respirators protect you from dusts, mists, fumes, pesticides, ammonia, acid gases, organic vapors, and mercury vapors. Full face respirators cover your entire face. Cartridges may be mounted on your chin, chest, or back. In addition to filtering contaminants, these respirators protect your eyes and face from liquid splashes and sprays.
Supplied-air respirators are used in oxygen-deficient areas, in work environments with contaminants that APRs cannot filter out, in environments that are too hot or cold, and at sites that are highly toxic. With self-contained breathing apparatus, or SCBA, the user carries an air tank, usually on the back. These are used in extremely hazardous environments by firefighters and other emergency personnel. With an air line respirator, the air supply is separate from the user, and an air line hose brings it to the face piece. Closed circuit self-contained breathing apparatus, or re-breathers, recycle exhaled air instead of expelling it. These are used mainly in mine rescue work because they prolong oxygen usage. In all SCBAs, a warning alarm goes off when most of the air supply has been used up.
Most respirators must be fit tested before they are used on the job. This is not the same as a user seal check, which is a quick procedure to determine if the respirator is properly seated or needs adjusting. In a qualitative fit test, the person wearing the respirator is exposed to a test agent. A quantitative test measures the amount of contaminant in the respirator itself while you are wearing it. Fit testing must be done before you wear a respirator for the first time and every year afterward.
To ensure ongoing protection, respirators must be properly maintained. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning, disinfecting, and storing. Inspect the respirator after every use. Look for cracks, holes, and dry rot. Replace hoses, valves, and filters as needed. Never alter or use unapproved parts on your respirator. Do not glue or staple anything to your respirator, put holes in it, or write on the filter.
Before you use a respirator in a hazardous environment, be sure it is the right one for the location. Have it fit tested, and become thoroughly familiar with its usage. Only use respirators and replacement filters and cartridges that have been certified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
This article was written by Travis Guerrero, a health and nutrition expert who hopes to help you live a healthier life. He writes this on behalf of Gallaway Safety & Supply, your number one choice when looking for disposable respirator masks. Check out their website today and see how they can help you and your team stay healthy without breaking the bank!
There is no question that used furniture saves you money. But are you forgoing your own safety in your quest to furnish your home as cheaply as possible? Experts suggest that the money you save by buying used furniture may not be worth it in the long run.
Buy New for Your Child’s Safety
Used cribs are a hot commodity with parents who are about to have their first child. The problem is that many cribs put your newborn’s health and safety at risk. In 1995, the Consumer Product Safety Commission sent out a news alert to raise awareness about the dangers of used cribs. Whether the crib is a family heirloom or a quick yard sale purchase, many cribs do not meet safety standards.
In this news release, the CPSC reported that cribs are the leading cause of infant and toddler deaths in the home. Crib slats that are wide enough to allow the child’s head to get stuck and gaps from ill-fitting mattresses were leading causes of strangulation and suffocation.
Say No to Bedbugs
Used beds and mattresses are an excellent way to bring bedbugs into your home. It’s highly unlikely that you want that to happen. Even if you view the mattress and do not see any bedbugs, there could be microscopic eggs within the fabric or foam. Sofas, armchairs, and other upholstered items are also great places for bedbugs to hide. Bed bugs can also tuck themselves into crevices in wooden furnishings. Don’t expect the seller to alert you to the fact they had a bedbug infestation, that’s the last thing they want to admit.
Stay safe and buy new fabric-covered furnishings. If you really can’t live without that antique wooden dresser you found at a flea market or yard sale, clean it thoroughly with hot, soapy water before you bring it into your home.
Formaldehyde Materials Raise Cancer Risk
While formaldehyde is a popular product for repelling germs, mildew, and mold, it’s also a known carcinogen. Exposure to formaldehyde increases your risk of developing cancer, specifically leukemia and nasopharyngeal cancer.
Formaldehyde may be present in furnishings that are made from pressed wood or permanent-press fabrics. It’s best to purchase new furnishings that are solid wood. If you must purchase pressed-wood furnishings, ask about the formaldehyde content. If the seller cannot answer that question, it’s not worth the risk.
Watch Out for Lead Paint
Even if you’re willing to put in the time and effort to clean used furniture of pests like bedbugs, there could be other health risks. Lead paint is one of the biggest risks you face when bringing used furniture into your home. Lead is detrimental to the kidneys and nervous system. In infants and children, lead exposure decreases bone and muscle growth and can lead to behavioral, language, and speech disorders. Adults face fertility issues, high blood pressure, memory problems, muscle and joint pain, and nerve disorders.
Old furniture, especially pieces built and painted before the 1980s may well contain lead paint. It’s best to avoid these furnishings. Otherwise, you need to consult a professional refinisher about having the furnishing stripped and repainted. Professionals experienced in lead removal are expensive, so make sure you add the cost of hiring a refinisher to the price of the furniture when deciding if it is truly a bargain.
This article was written by Travis Guerrero, a health and nutrition expert who hopes to help you live a healthier life. He writes this on behalf of Cutting Edge Closets, your number one choice when looking for brand new closets to fit your needs! Check out their website today at www.cuttingedgeclosets.com for more information.
Alcoholism is a serious illness and warrants being treated as such. For years, alcoholism was seen as a social problem rather than a physical condition, and patients often felt as though they were at fault for not being productive members of society. However, society’s understanding of alcoholism as a disease has increased steadily over the last few years, and the medical treatments have become better and more refined. As with any illness, it is crucial to get a proper diagnosis and immediate treatment if you suspect that you may have alcoholism.
The Causes of Alcoholism and How to Avoid It
Studies have shown that DNA accounts for about half of an individual’s risk of developing alcoholism. That is to say, if one of your parents was an alcoholic, you are at risk of becoming one yourself. However, it takes more than just your DNA to create the illness. Certain environmental pressures, such as stress or an underlying emotional issue, may trigger a genetic predisposition to alcoholism, and those with a family member living with the illness should be aware of the social pressures in their lives so as to avoid it.
Alcohol and Your Liver
Excessive consumption of alcohol can result in serious and sometimes fatal conditions in the liver, including fatty liver disease, cirrhosis of the liver, and alcoholic hepatitis. All of these fall under the umbrella term “alcohol-related liver disease,” and can include complications such as stomach bleeding, high blood pressure in the liver, and even liver cancer. These occur after years of heavy drinking. Heavy drinkers who have a history of hepatitis C are at particularly high risk for cirrhosis of the liver.
These liver conditions are very serious, but they can be treated by a doctor, who may prescribe medication or a diet change to help your liver recover. Your doctor may also require you to go to an alcohol treatment program to help you stay away from alcohol. A liver transplant is also an option for many people, but a person who continues to drink alcohol will not be eligible. There are also several medications that can either help prevent you from drinking (one particular medication makes you physically ill after taking a drink) or change your brain chemistry to remove the positive stimulation in your brain after drinking. Also, many people find alcohol recovery programs helpful or even necessary for overcoming alcohol addiction. As it is often difficult to self-diagnose alcoholism, many with an alcohol addiction are made aware of their problem only after intervention from a family member and may need outside help in dealing with this very personal problem. A recovery program is an addition to any medications your doctor may prescribe, and all of this should be discussed with your doctor to find out which medication or course of treatment is right for you.
Talking to People About Alcoholism
Given that alcoholism is a serious illness about which it is often difficult to reflect, if you have a friend or family member whom you suspect may be an alcoholic, it is important to let them know right away so that they may begin their recovery process. Talk to a doctor or other licensed professional for tips on how to let someone know that you think there is a problem. Though it may take some time, you can help set them on a path to recovery and a better life.
This article was written by Travis Guerrero, a health and nutrition expert who hopes to help you live a healthier life. He writes this on behalf of the Bay Area Recovery Center, your number one choice when seeking help for your addiction problems. Check out their website at www.bayarearecovery.com for more information!
The first concern nearly every pregnant and nursing woman has is the health and well-being of her growing baby. During the course of a pregnancy or while you are nursing your child, unexpected health issues might put you in the position of needing a medical scan. An awareness of the risks involved in undergoing a medical imaging scan will help you decide whether or not you should go ahead with the procedure.
Know the Placement
Where on your body the imaging scan will be done directly affects whether or not it is safe for you, as a pregnant patient, and your unborn child. Any scan that uses radiation technologies that will directly expose your fetus to that radiation does come with risk. However, if your doctor is ordering a head or neck scan the level of risk nearly disappears because the abdominal region where the baby is located will not be exposed to the potentially harmful radiation.
Ask the Dosage
Every medical scan that utilizes radiation will subject you to a specific dose of radiation, which the radiologist can tell you before the scan begins. Ask ahead of time the exact dosage of radiation, either from the scan itself or any contrast material being used to provide a clearer picture. Your obstetrician should also be informed of any fetal radiation exposure doses as a result of the scan.
Lead Aprons and Scatter Radiation
The additional precaution of a lead apron over your body during a medical scan does not protect you from the minimal levels of scatter radiation some imaging procedures produce. Scatter radiation is a small amount of X-ray byproduct that bounces around inside your body during a scan. This radiation has a small potential risk for an unborn child and the traditional lead apron protection does almost nothing to reduce the amount. Rest assured that once the scan is turned off that you will not be radioactive and the risk of (more…)
Many people drink because they want to relieve their feelings of nervousness, tension, and stress. Some people simply want to de-stress, to celebrate, or forget the stressful day. In fact, there are pieces of evidence that correlate light drinking with improved health in certain adults. Drinking one or two units of alcohol everyday have been found to help adults from possible dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and heart problems.
While light drinking may have a temporary positive effect on a person’s mood and overall health, long term heavy drinking can still lead to serious mental and physical health problems. In fact, around 37% of people with alcohol problem suffer from anxiety and mood disorder. Alcohol affects one’s mood in various ways- it can make a person feel happy, irritable, or aggressive. Additionally, since alcohol lowers a person’s inhibitions and increases recklessness, alcoholic individuals are more likely to harm themselves or attempt suicide.
How Alcohol Can Increase Anxiety And Stress
Contrary to popular belief, binge drinking won’t always reduce your stress level and anxiety. Long term heavy drinking can contribute to feelings of anxiety and depression which is harder to deal with. This is due to the fact that the toxins found in alcohol will interfere with the neurotransmitters in your brain which are needed to maintain a good mental health.
Binge drinking will also lead to situations that might result in more stress and anxiety. When you are drunk, your decision-making (more…)